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Firmware of the MIKROTIK HAP Lite

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ea7tb
Firmware of the MIKROTIK HAP Lite

Hi.
I am trying to change the firmware of the MIKROTIK HAP Lite.
I follow all the steps, and load Arend's firmware well (https://arednmesh.readthedocs.io/en/latest/arednGettingStarted/installin...). But when it is reset, it returns to the mikrotik firmware.
How can I solve the problem?
Regards.

K5DLQ
K5DLQ's picture
The Mikrotik HAP Lite is not

The Mikrotik HAP Lite is not supported.   Only the hAP AC Lite is supported.
Which model do you have?
 

ea7tb
The model is : hAP ac lite ID

The model is : hAP ac lite ID: RB952Ui-5ac2ND.

AE6XE
AE6XE's picture
ea7tb,   On occasion we are

ea7tb,   On occasion we are seeing RAM issues after the .bin image is copied up to the node.  It's intermittent, and I need to check the file system definition, as this 64Mb RAM device should still have plenty of RAM to work in.     Try the alternative instructions to copy up the .bin file, using the manual "sysupgrade" from command line.  I always go this route because if errors are reported, they can be seen with this command line.   

Joe AE6XE

VA7DGP
Mirotik Router HAP AC lite Just in.

I'm a real Noob when it comes to IT stuff. I'm trying to read the router. I have it plugged directly into the laptop Ethernet port. IF I try 192.168.88.20 or 192.168.88.1 or any other IP. I can't read it.  If I plug it into my home router. It shows as 192.168.0.32. I'm lost. I have downloaded the Aredn ELF and Bin files.

73

Don

nc8q
nc8q's picture
Flashing AREDN firmware onto Mikrotik RB952Ui-5ac2ND

Hi, Don:

 Please confirm that your device is a Mikrotik RB952Ui-5ac2ND.

Please confirm that your installing the firmware from a computer running the Microsoft Windows operating system.

Please specify which .elf and which .bin file you downloaded.

Please confirm that the Mikrotik port #1 and your computer are connected to a simple switch.

Please confirm that you are using the install procedure here:
https://arednmesh.readthedocs.io/en/latest/arednGettingStarted/installing_firmware.html#mikrotik-first-install-process ...
Windows Procedure
You will need to install and configure a PXE Server on your Windows computer.

Please confirm that you have installed Tiny PXE on your Windows computer.

Next, there are six numbered steps.
Have you complete all six steps?
If no, at which step was there a failure and what was the error message if any?

Following, if no errors...
Final Configuration Steps
There are three numbered steps.
Have you complete all three steps?
If no, at which step was there a failure and what was the error message if any?

I hope this helps,
Chuck

VA7DGP
IPConfig

The PXE server link is defective on the Youtube video. Error 404



This with just running the router.

Microsoft Windows [Version 10.0.19041.685]
(c) 2020 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

C:\Users\User>ipconfig

Windows IP Configuration


Ethernet adapter Ethernet:

   Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . :
   Link-local IPv6 Address . . . . . : fe80::9d0e:5568:d4ee:c966%4
   Autoconfiguration IPv4 Address. . : 169.254.201.102
   Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.0.0
   Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . :

Wireless LAN adapter Wi-Fi:

   Media State . . . . . . . . . . . : Media disconnected
   Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . : hitronhub.home

Ethernet adapter Bluetooth Network Connection:

   Media State . . . . . . . . . . . : Media disconnected
   Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . :

C:\Users\User>

I have a Solar Wind TFTP server but I don't see anything so far for  a PXE server


still lost

73 

Don va7dgp

VA7DGP
Update. PXESER

I remember I downloaded that PXESER file on my main desktop. I sent the file to my laptop. I may have be too quick in pulling the plug. The file *.ebf was not loaded. I'm trying to reload but server won't connect on the laptop. No matter how may times I do power and Reset.

73

Don

VA7DGP
After the Mikrotik reboots,

After the Mikrotik reboots, the Mikrotik will be a DHCP server with temporary AREDN firmware in RAM.
You should (re)set your computer to be a DHCP client and move the ethernet cable to port 2 or 3 or 4 on the Mikrotik.
Browse to 192.168.1.1 and upload the .bin using the Administration page.

When I log into just the router. No ISP attached. I saw 192.168.1.1 I was able to get into the router. 

I know about the Bin but I expected to see AREDN when I went to 192.168.1.1. I'm going load up a Linux box instead of a Windows box. It's the internet access if I just have the router on. If my home router on. I don't see 192.168.1.1. 
 
I have a lot to learn. 

I hope I didnèt see the EBF load.

73

 

VA7DGP
Ubuntu Talking to Mikrotik Hap Ac Lite

I was able to load the RB.elf file to the router. I switch to my Ubuntu machine. I see 192.168.88.1 and 192.168.88.254 in the settings. I think I have to create an IPv4 manual setting. I'm lost after that. I also copied the*.bin file to a flash drive. I can once my firefox browser can find the IP of the Mikrotik. I tried 192.168.88.1 and localnode.local.mesh doesn't work. Becoming root> is that sudo su? I'm using my cell phone to read the info on the Linux part and I'm even worse when it comes to IT router stuff. I have no access to the internet and I have to don't have vnc 

later back to trying to get it online


73

Don va7dgp

N7KUW
Also unable to load rb.elf file

Hi everyone,
I have tried repeatedly to flash the rb.elf file to a new hAP ac lite, without success. It always comes back up in MikroTik.
The one thing I do see, no matter what variety of instructions I follow, is this error:
TFFPTDd error, could not bind socket. Address and port are already in use.
Always using static IP on ethernet card. Have tried 192.168.1.10, 192.168.1.100, 192.168.88.50, 192.168.88.100 as static IPs. Follow all other instructions.  However, I also note that to actually reset to factory I had to do it through Winbox, could not do it by holding reset button during power up.
Any suggestions are appreciated. Is there a way to load the rb.elf file using Winbox (copying to file folder on device and ???) ?

Thanks,
Carl, N7KUW

K6CCC
K6CCC's picture
This is likely your problem

TFFPTDd error, could not bind socket. Address and port are already in use.


Yes, that is significant!  Can you post a screen capture of you PXE session.  I want to see what else it is saying.

 

N7KUW
Easier to read than screen

Easier to read than screen cap - here are all the entries:

7:33:45 PM DHCPc:discovering for another DHCPd on LAN
7:33:45 PM ROOT=C:\Users\PCname\Desktop\Mikrot AREDN\pxesrv\files\
7:33:45 PM DHCPd 192.168.1.10:67 started...
7:33:45 PM TFPTd error, Could not bind socket. Address and port are already in use.
7:33:45 PM HTTPd:80 started...
7:33:50 PM DHCPc:no other DHCPd discovered
7:34:08 PM DHCPd:REQUEST received, MAC:08-55-31-75-59-D3, XID:9E3507BA
7:34:08 PM DHCPd:BOOTP REQUEST
7:34:08 PM DHCPd:ACK sent, IP:192.168.1.21, XID:9E3507BA
7:34:08 PM DHCPd:REQUEST received, MAC:08-55-31-75-59-D3, XID:5D9F6FCC
7:34:08 PM DHCPd:BOOTP REQUEST
7:34:08 PM DHCPd:ACK sent, IP:192.168.1.21, XID:5D9F6FCC
7:34:38 PM DHCPd:DISCOVER received, MAC:08-55-31-75-59-D3, XID:47A2D24C
7:34:38 PM DHCPd:OFFER sent, IP:192.168.1.11, XID:47A2D24C
7:34:38 PM DHCPd:REQUEST received, MAC:08-55-31-75-59-D3, XID:47A2D24C
7:34:38 PM DHCPd:ACK sent, IP:192.168.1.11, XID:47A2D24C
7:38:33 PM TFTPd stopped...
7:38:33 PM HTTPd stopped...
7:38:33 PM DHCPd stopped...

I will note that I have three ethernet adapters, one of which is USB to ethernet, and that is the one I am using. I have tried this with all of the others disabled so this was the only active adapter. As you can see, I waited quite a long time to see if I could get a response and never did. The last entries are when I took PXE offline.
 

K6CCC
K6CCC's picture
The TFTPd error is the problem

The 4th line (the TFTPd error) IS your problem.  You need to figure out what else is tying up the port.  Suggest that you disconnect your USB to Ethernet adapter and use the built in Ethernet port.  Make sure any other Ethernet is disabled or if it is a plug in adapter, remove it.  If you have WiFi built in, disable it.  Reboot the computer and try again.

And please post screen captures of all the PXE setup and running screens.  Not a photo of the screen, but a screen capture (far more readable).  The Windows Snipping Tool works well for the purpose.
 

N7KUW
I will follow your

I will follow your suggestions, and nexr time will get a screen capture. I wasn't hooked up where I could get one when I did my last reply, but had saved the text of the log, so posted it.  Thanks for your help.
Carl

N7KUW
Multiple attempts, two

Multiple attempts, two different computers (both Windows 10). Last try was laptop using built in ethernet connector, wifi turned off.  In every attempt, no matter which computer, no matter what IP is set, the fail to bind error comes up, and it comes up immediately, before I can even power on the hAP.  I'm using a hAP ac lite, so my connections are: Ethernet cable from pc to dumb switch port 1. Ethernet cable from dumb switch port 2 to hAP WAN port. Separate power connector, not POE.  Have also tried multiple switches and ethernet cables.  Attached please find screen shot from PXE.

Image Attachments: 
nc8q
nc8q's picture
Option 3 and 6 being remembered?

Option 3 (Router) should be 0.0.0.0. PXE seems to be remembering the hAP/RouterOS as 192.168.88.1.
Option 6 (DNS) should be 0.0.0.0. PXE seems to be remembering a previous connection to an AREDN device.
I recommend using static address 192.168.1.x instead of 192.168.88.x as you will need the 192.168.1.x
later when uploading the sysupgrade.bin.

I hope this helps,
Chuck
 

N7KUW
I have tried using both .1.x

I have tried using both .1.x and .88.x. It has not made any difference, but when one fails I then try the other.
192.168.1.50
192.168.1.100
192.168.88.50
192.168.88.100
Will set those two options as noted and try yet again.
Thanks

nc8q
nc8q's picture
Your Screenshot does not match install Docs

Docs PXE screenshot.
 

Image Attachments: 
N7KUW
The screen shot was taken

The screen shot was taken after I clicked offline, it was online when the attempt was made. No DNS entries were made in ethernet interface setup, those fields were left blank. Don't know where the 10.... came from.

N7KUW
Still no-go - Update: Success finally

Last update first - eventual success, but a long hard journey to get here.

Now the post I was writing as I was plowing my way through the process, just for info...

Took a bit to get back to this, but I'm still coming up short.
Different computer (not previously used)
Fresh download and install of PXE
Success in flashing the factory file!!!!!
Got to settings and uploaded bin file.
Appeared to be working. Went to settings and changed node name, it automatically did reset when I clicked save.
And... nothing. Can't ping, Can't connect to it.
Pushed and held reset button (while power applied) until USR light flashed rapidly. 
After reset I get back to original AREDN login page - had not saved my changes.
So tried uploading the bin file again.
Same results, looks like I'm in setup, but doesn't really save change and after push and hold reset get back to initial AREDN screen.
hAP never comes back up on its own. USR light constant on.
Did a power cycle, no success.
-----------
Well, after 3 or 4 cycles of the above, I finally got it to come back up working with the initial change. Did take a bit of a power cycle. Hope this thing holds together and continues to work now that it is working, but it has been an incredible hassle to get it to this point to start with.

Thank you again for the help and suggestions.

Carl, N7KUW

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